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Santa Claus, also known as Saint Nicholas, Kris Kringle, Father Christmas, or simply Santa, is a . This date was earlier than the original day of gifts for the children, which moved in the course of the Reformation and its The adults they count on to provide reliable information about the world introduce them to Santa. Get up to date with the latest meetings, events, and services. Faye Anderson and Chris Conklin of the Census Bureau will be present to assist the CCC in. Aug 15, While Kris Jenner's kids are usually the ones hogging the spotlight, we can't for her when she started dating her bae, Corey Gamble, roughly four years ago. As of now, it's safe to say the two are still very much an item.
For example, in Washington Irving 's History of New YorkSinterklaas was Americanized into "Santa Claus" a name first used in the American press in  but lost his bishop's apparel, and was at first pictured as a thick-bellied Dutch sailor with a pipe in a green winter coat. Irving's book was a lampoon of the Dutch culture of New York, and much of this portrait is his joking invention.
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This has usually been a very busy day with me, preparing for Christmas not only for my own tables, but for gifts for my servants. No confectionary, cakes, or pies can I have. We are all sad; no loud, jovial laugh from our boys is heard. Christmas Eve, which has ever been gaily celebrated here, which has witnessed the popping of firecrackers I have nothing even to put in 8-year-old daughter Sadai's stocking, which hangs so invitingly for Santa Claus.
How disappointed she will be in the morning, though I have explained to her why he cannot come. Why must the innocent suffer with the guilty? It contained Old Santeclaus with Much Delightan anonymous poem describing Santeclaus on a reindeer sleigh, bringing presents to children. Nick is described as being "chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf" with "a little round belly", that "shook when he laughed like a bowlful of jelly", in spite of which the "miniature sleigh" and "tiny reindeer" still indicate that he is physically diminutive.
The reindeer were also named: Nicholas' or 'Santa Claus'. The author  quotes Moore's poem in its entirety, saying that its descriptions apply to Krishkinkle too. One of the first artists to define Santa Claus's modern image was Thomas Nastan American cartoonist of the 19th century.
Ina picture of Santa illustrated by Nast appeared in Harper's Weekly. Santa was dressed in an American flagand had a puppet with the name " Jeff " written on it, reflecting its Civil War context.
Webster, who wrote that Santa Claus's home was "near the North Pole, in the ice and snow". A boy from Colorado writing to the children's magazine The Nursery in late said, "If we did not live so very far from the North Pole, I should ask Santa Claus to bring me a donkey.
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Inthe poet Katharine Lee Bates popularized Mrs. The editorial, which included the famous reply " Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus ", has become an indelible part of popular Christmas lore in the United States and Canada.Kris & Sophia - #TheOne - Diabetes UK
Much of Santa Claus's mythos was not set in stone at the time, leaving Baum to give his "Neclaus" Necile's Little One a wide variety of immortal support, a home in the Laughing Valley of Hohaho, and ten reindeer—who could not fly, but leapt in enormous, flight-like bounds. Claus's immortality was earned, much like his title "Santa"decided by a vote of those naturally immortal.
This work also established Claus's motives: When Ak, Master Woodsman of the World, exposes him to the misery and poverty of children in the outside world, Santa strives to find a way to bring joy into the lives of all children, and eventually invents toys as a principal means.
Santa later appears in The Road to Oz as an honored guest at Ozma's birthday party, stated to be famous and beloved enough for everyone to bow even before he is announced as "The most Mighty and Loyal Friend of Children, His Supreme Highness - Santa Claus". He is wearing a mask with a beard attached. The image of Santa Claus as a benevolent character became reinforced with its association with charity and philanthropy, particularly by organizations such as the Salvation Army.
Volunteers dressed as Santa Claus typically became part of fundraising drives to aid needy families at Christmas time. InCharles W.
Howardwho played Santa Claus in department stores and parades, established the Charles W.
Howard Santa School, the oldest continuously-run such school in the world. Eventually, the idea emerged that he had numerous elves responsible for making the toys, but the toys were still handmade by each individual elf working in the traditional manner. The popular song by George Melachrino"Mrs. Santa Claus", and the children's book How Mrs.
Claus in the popular imagination. Seabury Quinn 's novel Roads draws from historical legends to tell the story of Santa and the origins of Christmas. Other modern additions to the "story" of Santa include Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeerthe 9th and lead reindeer immortalized in a Gene Autry song, written by a Montgomery Ward copywriter.
In popular culture See also: SantaCon By the end of the 20th century, the reality of mass mechanized production became more fully accepted by the Western public. That shift was reflected in the modern depiction of Santa's residence—now often humorously portrayed as a fully mechanized production and distribution facility, equipped with the latest manufacturing technology, and overseen by the elves with Santa and Mrs.
Claus as executives or managers. Santa's main distribution center is a sight to behold. A real-time warehouse management system WMS is of course required to run such a complex. The facility makes extensive use of task interleaving, literally combining dozens of DC activities putaway, replenishing, order picking, sleigh loading, cycle counting in a dynamic queue The WMS and transportation system are fully integrated, allowing the elves to make optimal decisions that balance transportation and order picking and other DC costs.
Unbeknownst to many, Santa actually has to use many sleighs and fake Santa drivers to get the job done Christmas Eve, and the transportation management system TMS optimally builds thousands of consolidated sacks that maximize cube utilization and minimize total air miles. Santa has been described as a positive male cultural icon: Santa is really the only cultural icon we have who's male, does not carry a gun, and is all about peace, joy, giving, and caring for other people.
That's part of the magic for me, especially in a culture where we've become so commercialized and hooked into manufactured icons. Santa is much more organic, integral, connected to the past, and therefore connected to the future. President Reagan steps in, fires all of Santa's helpers, and replaces them with out-of-work air traffic controllers an obvious reference to the air traffic controllers' strikeresulting in a riot before Santa vindictively rehires them in humiliating new positions such as his reindeer.
Claus were running a sweatshop over there The original elves were ugly, traveled with Santa to throw bad kids a beatin', and gave the good ones toys. In the Kyrgyz capital, Bishkeka Santa Claus Festival was held on 30 Decemberwith government officials attending.
The events are seen as moves to boost tourism in Kyrgyzstan. On 9 September where a total of 12, people dressed up as Santa or Santa's helper which previously brought down the record of 3, which was set during the Santa Dash event in Liverpool City Centre in In pre-Christian Norse tradition, Odin would often enter through chimneys and fire holes on the solstice.
In the tale of Saint Nicholas, the saint tossed coins through a window, and, in a later version of the tale, down a chimney when he finds the window locked. In Dutch artist Jan Steen 's painting, The Feast of Saint Nicholasadults and toddlers are glancing up a chimney with amazement on their faces while other children play with their toys.
The hearth was held sacred in primitive belief as a source of beneficence, and popular belief had elves and fairies bringing gifts to the house through this portal.
Santa's entrance into homes on Christmas Eve via the chimney was made part of American tradition through the poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas" where the author described him as an elf. In the United States and Canada, children traditionally leave Santa a glass of milk and a plate of cookies ; in Britain and Australia, he is sometimes given sherry or beer, and mince pies instead.
In Denmark, Norway and Sweden, it is common for children to leave him rice porridge with cinnamon sugar instead. In Ireland it is popular to give him Guinness or milk, along with Christmas pudding or mince pies.
They get sweets in a bag if they were good, and a golden colored birch switch if not. On Christmas Eve "Little Jesus" comes and gives gifts for everyone. Hanging up stockings for Santa Claus, Ohio, New Zealander, British, Australian, Irish, Canadian, and American children also leave a carrot for Santa's reindeer, and are told that if they are not good all year round that they will receive a lump of coal in their stockings, although the actual practice of giving coal is now considered archaic.
Children following the Dutch custom for sinterklaas will "put out their shoe" leave hay and a carrot for his horse in a shoe before going to bed, sometimes weeks before the sinterklaas avond. The next morning they will find the hay and carrot replaced by a gift; often, this is a marzipan figurine. During their playing a board game, they turn their house into a spacecraft hurtling uncontrollably in outer space. The film was praised by critics, but Stewart's performance did not garner much media attention.
Her character is immobilized during most of the film. After that film, she received the lead role of Jess Solomon in the supernatural thriller film The Messengers.
The film, as well as Stewart's performance, received mixed reviews. Both the film and Stewart's performance received many positive reviews. She excels at both aspects of the performance, giving Georgia a strength that defies any sort of pity one might feel for her, without letting us forget her vulnerability". The film began production in February and finished filming in May Twilight was released domestically on November 21, She has been nominated four times, three consecutive years — and in for the Young Artist Award.
She received praise for her role in Adventurelanda comedy-drama film written and directed by Greg Mottolaand co-starring Jesse Eisenberg. Critic James Berardinelli of Reelviews said, "Stewart is more than merely appealing in this role — she makes Em a fully realized woman, and some of the most intricate development results from what the camera observes in Stewart's eyes.
New Moononce again receiving mixed reviews for her performance. Jordan Mintzer from Variety called Stewart "the heart and soul of the film" and praised her for giving "both weight and depth to dialogue She sucks the energy right out of the film". At the 82nd Annual Academy Awards, Stewart and Twilight co-star Taylor Lautner presented a tribute in honor of the horror movie genre. InStewart portrayed rock star Joan Jett in The Runawaysa biographical film of the titular band of the same name from writer-director Floria Sigismondi.
Stewart is a genuine rock star here. Stewart, watchful and unassuming, gives the movie its spine and soul. She was named "Stonette of the Year" by High Times magazine in Breaking Dawn - Part 2 in November Though the film received mixed to negative reviews, Stewart's performance was praised.
Gabriel Chong called Stewart's performance "mesmerising" and said that she "makes [Bella's] every emotion keenly felt that runs the gamut from joy, trepidation, anxiety, distress and above all quiet and resolute determination. She concluded the role in the finale, The Twilight Saga: She ranked 7 on AskMen 's list of Top 99 Women for December 11,Chanel announced that Stewart was its "new face" for a Western-inspired fashion collection. The campaign has been shot by Karl Lagerfeld and was released online in May David Rooney of The Hollywood Reporter called it "her best screen work to date [playing the role of] an inexperienced military guard",  while Xan Brooks of The Guardian said, "It's a role that reminds us what a fine performer she was in the likes of Into the Wild and Adventureland.