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Information about Homer (from the Oddyssey & and The iliad)? | Yahoo Answers

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culture (up to Jaeger and Nestle but at least dating back to Winckel- mann ) .. past, and though Aristotle might cite the Iliad or Odissey for the odd example of a rhetor- [email protected] Could the Iliad and Odyssey have been oral-formulaic poems, composed on the spot by the poet Establishing an accurate date for Homer's life presents significant difficulties. .. P. von der Mühll , Homeri Odyssea, Munich/ Leipzig. Main · Videos; Dating game theme song writer yahoo dating iliade odissea yahoo dating allentown bethlehem dating group allentown bethlehem dating group.

So little is known or even guessed of his actual life, that a common joke has it that the poems "were not written by Homer, but by another man of the same name,"[1][2]. Samuel Butler argued that a young Sicilian woman wrote the Odyssey but not the Iliadan idea further pursued by Robert Graves in his novel Homer's Daughter.

Most Classicists would agree that, whether or not there was ever such a composer as "Homer," the Homeric poems are the product of an oral tradition, a generations-old technique that was the collective inheritance of many singer-poets aoidoi.

An analysis of the structure and vocabulary of the Iliad and Odyssey shows that the poems consist of regular, repeating phrases; even entire verses repeat. Could the Iliad and Odyssey have been oral-formulaic poems, composed on the spot by the poet using a collection of memorized traditional verses and phases? Milman Parry and Albert Lord pointed out that such elaborate oral tradition, foreign to today's literate cultures, is typical of epic poetry in an exclusively oral culture.

The crucial words are "oral" and "traditional. He called these chunks of repetitive language "formulas. The traditional solution is the "transcription hypothesis," wherein a non-literate "Homer" dictates his poem to a literate scribe between the 8th and 6th centuries.

The Greek alphabet was introduced in the early 8th century, so that it is possible that Homer himself was of the first generation of rhapsodes that were also literate.

More radical Homerists, such as Gregory Nagy, contend that a canonical text of the Homeric poems as "scripture" did not exist until the Hellenistic period 3rd to 1st century BC. Establishing an accurate date for Homer's life presents significant difficulties.

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It is unlikely that any actual record of the man's life ever existed, and that all accounts are based on tradition. From the controversial tone in which he expresses himself it is evident that others had made Homer more ancient; and accordingly the dates given by later authorities, though very various, generally fall within the 10th and 11th centuries BC, but none of these statements has any claim to the character of external evidence.

The extant lives of Homer edited in Westermann's Vitarum Scriptores Graeci minores are eight in number, including a piece called the Contest of Hesiod and Homer.

The longest Life of Homer is written in the Ionic dialect, and claims to be the work of Herodotus, but is certainly spurious. In all probability it belongs to the time which was fruitful beyond all others in literary forgeries, viz, the 2nd century of our era.

The other lives are certainly not more ancient.

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Their chief value consists in the curious short poems or fragments of verse which they have preserved, the so-called Epigrams, which used to be printed at the end of editions of Homer. These are easily recognized as Popular Rhymes, a form of folklore to be met with in most countries, treasured by the people as a kind of proverbs.

In the Homeric epigrams the interest turns sometimes on the characteristics of particular localities Smyrna and Cyme Epigr. Some may be fragments of longer poems, but evidently they are not the work of any one poet. The fact that they were all ascribed to Homer merely means that they belong to a period in the history of the Ionian and Aeolian colonies when Homer was a name which drew to itself all ancient and popular verse.

Again, comparing the epigrams with the legends and anecdotes told in the Lives of Homer, we can hardly doubt that they were the chief source from which these Lives were derived. Here is doubtless the source of the chief incident of the Herodotean Life, the birth of Homer Son of the Meles.

Naturally the Ionians had their own version of the story, a version which made Homer come out with the first Athenian colonists. The same line of argument may be extended to the Hymns, and even to the works of the so-called Cyclic poets, the lost early epics some of which formed the Trojan War cycle and Theban cycle.

The hymn to the Delian Apollo ends with an address of the poet to his audience.

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When any stranger comes and asks who is the sweetest singer, they are to answer with one voice, "the blind man that dwells in rocky Chios; his songs deserve the prize for all time to come.

Hence we may most naturally account for the belief that Homer was a Chian. The Margites, a humorous poem which kept its ground as the reputed work of Homer down to the time of Aristotle, began with the words, "There came to Colophon an old man, a divine singer, servant of the Muses and Apollo.

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The poem called the Cypria was said to have been given by Homer to his son-in-law Stasinus of Cyprus as dowry. The connection with Cyprus appears further in the predominance given in the poem to Aphrodite. The Little Iliad and the Phocais, according to the pseudo-Herodotean life, were composed by Homer when he lived at Phocaea with a certain Thestorides, who carried them off to Chios and there gained fame by reciting them as his own.

The name Thestorides occurs in Epigr. A similar story was told about the poem called the Capture of Oechalia, the subject of which was one of the exploits of Heracles.

It passed under the name of Creophylus of Samos, a friend or as some said a son-in-law of Homer, and was sometimes said to have been given to Creophylus by Homer in return for hospitality. Finally, the Thebaid was confidently counted as the work of Homer.

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As to the Epigoni, which carried on the Theban story, there was less certainty. These indications render it probable that the stories connecting Homer with different cities and islands grew up after his poems had become known and famous, especially in the new and flourishing colonies of Aeolis and Ionia.

The contention for Homer, in short, began at a time when his real history was lost, and he had become a sort of mythical figure, an eponymous hero, or personification of a great school of poetry.

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An interesting confirmation of this view from the negative side is furnished by the city which ranked as chief among the Asiatic colonies of Greece, viz. No legend claims for Miletus even a visit from Homer, or a share in the authorship of any Homeric poem. Yet Arctinus of Miletus was said to have been a disciple of Homer, and was certainly one of the earliest and most considerable of the Cyclic poets.

His Aethiopis was composed as a sequel to the Iliad; and the structure and general character of his poems show that he took the Iliad as his model. Yet in his case we find no trace of the disputed authorship which is so common with other Cyclic poems.

How has this come about? Why have the works of Arctinus escaped the attraction which drew to the name of Homer such epics as the Cypria, the Little Iliad, the Thebaid, the Epigoni, the Taking of Oechalia and the Phocais.

The most obvious account of the matter is that Arctinus was never so far forgotten that his poems became the subject of dispute. We seem through him to obtain a glimpse of an early post-Homeric age in Ionia, when the immediate disciples and successors of Homer were distinct figures in a trustworthy tradition when they had not yet merged their individuality in the legendary Homer of the Epic Cycle. Homeric scholarship The study of Homer is one of the very oldest topics in all scholarship or science, and goes back to antiquity.

Purely in terms of quantity it is one of the largest of all literary sub-disciplines: The aims and achievements of Homeric studies have changed over the course of the millennia; in the last few centuries they have revolved around the process by which the Homeric poems came into existence and were transmitted down to us, first orally, and later in writing.

Some of the main trends in modern Homeric scholarship have been, in the 19th and early 20th centuries, Analysis and Unitarianism see Homeric questionwhich were schools of thought that emphasised on the one hand the inconsistencies, on the other the artistic unity, in Homer; and in the 20th century and later Oral Theory, which is the study of the mechanisms and effects of oral transmission, and Neoanalysis, which is the study of the relationship between Homer and other early epic material.

Homeric Greek The language used by Homer is an archaic version of Ionic Greek, with admixtures from certain other dialects, such as Aeolic Greek.

It later served as the basis of Epic Greek, the language of epic poetry, typically in dactylic hexameter. When Helen was abducted, Menelaus called upon the other suitors to honour their oaths and help him to retrieve her, an attempt that would lead to the Trojan War.

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Telamonian Ajax, however, was the volunteer who eventually did fight Hector. All of the bird omens—with the exception of the first one in the epic—show large birds attacking smaller bird.

Odysseus is probably best known as the eponymous hero of the Odyssey.

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Una delle donne che pensano e trattano gli uomini come se fossero in grado di apprezzare unicamente il loro corpo. Odyssey — The Odyssey is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.

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Each edition of the Iliad or Odyssey is a different, as the editors rely on different manuscripts and fragments. Odissea - Libro VI, parafrasi, vv. A Modern Sequel is an epic poem by Greek poet and philosopher Nikos Kazantzakis, based on Homer's 1stmiledrivingacademy.

  • Information about Homer (from the Oddyssey & and The iliad)?

Odissea VI, ss Odisseo trattenuto sull' isola di Ogigia dalla ninfa Calipso, innamorata di lui, riesce con l'eroe a partire su una zattera per volere degli dei, ma Poseidone, adirato, gli scatena contro una tempesta.

Athena stands between the two figures with a helmet and the goatskin fetish aegis fringed with snakes as a kind of cape. Odysseus disguised as a begger and succeeded. The rightly famous "purple codex" of Rossano is equally appropriately touted everywhere around town and province as a matchless pearl--and let there be no doubt: